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Hyarama sheds unique light on the significance of Atlantis, its true history and why it became the stuff of legends. Hyarama can change our judgements in places - without denying any of the evidence.
This Broadsheet was written in 1995 by Nigel Blair, MA Oxon (1946-2005), founder of the Wessex Research Group. "I was writing... to centre on the inner nature of history..." This, Nigel hoped, would lead to a book - never completed - so here we are posthumously honouring the stupendous work Nigel did, collecting evidence.  Nigel never radically altered his theories, but his position shifted in minor ways.

Atlantis & the Advanced Prehistoric World



a great submerged megalithic civilization

the great asteroid of 8498 BC

the sinking of Atlantis

and the rising ocean

"homo sapiens sapiens"?

Ignatius Donnelly and Lewis Spence

Plato, Solon and the Egyptian priests

& the Russian Seamount photographs

a prosperous confederation

the classical writers' Atlantis

the Atlantic islands

submerged ruins at Bimini

echoes of ancient science?

ancient South America

"The distorted remains of a sunken continent"?

world legends

ancient comparative language

the Garden of Eden & the re-founders of civilization

the Ararat ship remains

worldwide flood legends

of the Sphinx

the Egyptian priests' account


the sunken continent of the Pacific

Thor Heyerdahl & ancient navigators of oceans

in western America?

The mystery of Tiahuanaco

oasis of the ancient wisdom?

"Shambhala" of the West?

"the Fortunate Isles?"

Psychic powers, crystals, slaves

more psychic than technological?

Atlantis, "ooparts" and ancient space beings

the world archetype?

in order first mentioned in text

The Peruvian link with Easter Island was remarkably confirmed when excavations at the ancient pyramids at Tecume uncovered, as Thor Heyerdahl reported on 5th March 1992, "sensational news, ..two large reed balsa-rafts in high relief on a temple wall...", both of which had "small deck cabins dwarfed by bird-men, almost identical to those found on Easter Island". Heyerdahl, of course, believes Peruvians had sailed the Pacific to this and other islands, and proved it by doing it himself in the famous "Kon-Tiki", whose name was taken from the ancient hero who had arrived from the east in the islanders' legends, Beyond reasonable doubt, he established ancient links between legends of "bird-men", kneeling statues and "Long-Ears" on Easter Island, and similar legends in Peru and Bolivia, including Tiahuanaco. These were not just oral tales, but were confirmed by carvings and statues of astonishing similarity separated by thousands of miles of ocean. Other ancient sailors, it is now known, came from South-East Asia, and there were contacts with Australia and probably China.
I am sure Heyerdahl, a very great explorer and scholar, is right. With or without a literal Lemurian lost continent, one thing is certain: after Heyerdahl, fewer and fewer researchers will take the once-orthodox view that the continents of the world lay isolated in ancient times, shorn of contact or commerce with one another, evolving their extraordinarily similar cultures, religions and architecture by purely coincidental parallel development. Meanwhile, Heyerdahl's exploits have themselves entered our modern mythology. Archetypal in nature, they show that modern Westerners, given a strong resolve and purpose, can plumb the mysteries of the Earth, whatever the opposition and the difficulties. His book-titles shine through our hectic modern world like beacons: "The Kon-Tiki Expedition", 1950; "Aku-Aku: The Secret of Easter Island", 1958; "The Ra Expeditions", 1971; and "Fatu-Hiva: Back to Nature", 1974; all published by Alien and Unwin, who also produced Heyerdahl's biography, "Senor Kon-Tiki" by Arnold Jacoby, in 1968. A first-rate BBC-1 series, "Kon-Tiki Man: Thor Heyerdahl, the Story of a^jWt Adventurer", was shown between April and June 1990. Old legends were rediscovered: a new legend was born.
The "Ra" expeditions of 1969-70 included a wide selection of nationalities on the small Atlantic reed-boat, under the flag of the United Nations, and including an American and a Russian at the height of the Cold War. Those expeditions proved that an ancient pre-Egyptian seafaring race, possibly the Phoenicians, could have crossed the Atlantic from the Mediterranean to America. They also proved that the search for truth and adventure could potentially unite this divided planet. "Ra" in Ancient Egyptian meant "the Sun". "Ra 1" sank because the modern builders had not secured the stern according to the ancient design. "Ra 2" was built with the help of Aymara Indians from South America, who had preserved all the ancient skills: this one survived, and reached the West Indies. This gives the modern world a message, symbolic but clear: respect and explore our ancient heritage, and we will yet win through. The flexibility of the reeds, through which the water could wash, proved "Ra 2's" saving in high seas. Here again we learn a lesson: go with the flow, go the way of the "Tao", and the mightiest forces will prove harmless, as with the ancient eastern martial arts. back to top

Other researchers, too, believe that Lemurians were amongst the first occupants of the west coast of America; if they were escaping from the gradual break-up and sinking of their Pacific land they may be responsible for the many flood-legends of the west coast American Indians in both the north, e. g. the Hopi and Aschochimi, and the south, e.g. the Yurukare, and the Chibchas of Colombia. The Chibchas1 founding hero, Bochica, amazingly, was said to carry the world on his shoulders, and when he got tired he changed his position, thus originating earthquakes: a fascinating variation on the Greek Atlas legend? The Lemurians may have been the distant precursors of the "mound builders" in the north, which have left such impressive earthworks, including the famous "Indiana serpent" — a universal symbol of wisdom very prevalent in the Pacific. They may also have been the ancestors, and legendary inspirers, of the creators of the extraordinary ancient markings and monuments in the south. These include the Lines of Nazca in Peru, which although A. D. in date may reflect far more ancient practices of astronomical alignment based largely, research suggests, on the Orion Constellation. back to top

They also include the enigmatic, mountaintop city of Tiahuanaco, with its extraordinary Sun-Temple Gate and Calendar, by Lake Titicaca 13,000 feet up in Bolivia. Manco Capac, the legendary god-founder of Cuzco and the great Peruvian civilization, arrived mysteriously on an island in the lake after a great flood, according to a myth accepted by the conquering Incas from the more ancient local races. Lewis Spence describes this in "the Problem of Lemuria" on pages 195-8; he also points out the similarity between Tiahuanaco's architecture and that of Easter Island, and between Manco Capac and Easter Island's founding hero, Hotu Matua. Although the famous Easter Island statues are A. D. in date, they may again reflect distant racial memories of prehistoric practices. The Tiahuanaco ruins are certainly very ancient: H.S.Bellamy, in the now rare work "Built Before the Flood: the Problem of the Tiahuanaco Ruins", published by Faber and Faber in 1943, argues like others, that the evidence of calcified remains of marine plants 11,500 feet up on the plateau shows that it was originally at sea level, and therefore predates the great catastrophe and flood.
Bellamy ascribes this to a great planetary girdle-tide. This raised the sea-level by over two miles on either side of the Equator, caused in turn by a predecessor of our Moon orbiting into Earth; an even greater catastrophe was caused by its impact, which also destroyed Atlantis and the remains of Lemuria. Though this, based in Hans Hoerbiger's cosmological theory popular before the war, is not now fashionable, it is one explanation of the sea-fossils and the extraordinary height of Tiahuanaco, in rarified air not easy for westerners to breathe. (Others, like Otto MUck, argue that the effects of the asteroid impact created the Andes by raising its whole landmass from sea-level!) Bellamy's book is based largely on the work of Professor Arturo Posnansky, who lived among, or near, the ruins for several decades and made detailed surveys at a time when far more of the buildings still existed; they have been systematically vandalized. (Most writers on sites, if they visit at all, do so briefly only. ) It also records (pages 41-2) the legends of the (then) local Indians, a proud and quiet people calling themselves "Urus", "Men of the Light", who hinted that they had lived in these Bolivian highlands before the Age of Darkness (Chamak-Pacha), a terrible cataclysm, and that they remember the time when the Sun re-appeared after it. The great ruined city, for which "Tiahuanaco" was the traditional local name, was built before this cataclysm, and was by a great sea rich in big fish; eventually there was a flood which destroyed the city's builders.
The Spanish conquistadores were told a slightly different Inca legend: Thousands of years after the original Creation of humanity by their god-creator, Viracocha Pachacayachi, there was a catastrophe from which only a shepherd and his family escaped: he, as a thank-offering, built Tiahuanaco in a single night. Its date is much disputed, and estimates vary profusely, ranging from a thousand to many thousands of years old, The ruins are now pitifully depleted, but clearly show advanced knowledge, including the Akapana, or Hill of Sacrifices, a huge truncated pyramid 167' x 496' x 650', perfectly squared with the cardinal points of the compass. There is a reservoir system with stone pipes, and of course the great Temple of the Sun, with its sophisticated calendar. It is built of 60-ton blocks and rests on 100-200-ton blocks, transported 30-90 miles from quarry sites on an island in Lake Titicaca!
This massive-stone phenomenon is of course found all over the world, e. g. Stonehenge, Baalbek, Egypt and also in some of the recent underwater Atlantean discoveries. It shows a worldwide massive megalithic culture reflecting amazing powers of organization, precision, perseverance, mathematics, astronomy and, perhaps, even what would now be regarded as paranormal powers over gravity to lighten heavy objects. This great prehistoric advanced megalithic culture, which according to Plato included metal-working, ocean-going ships, astronomy, complex government, cities, mathematics, exquisite arts and highly productive agriculture, seems to have penetrated most of the world, including Africa, Scandinavia and even Siberia and Mongolia. back to top

The "Shambhala" legends depict an incredibly distant ancient haven, often placed in or near the Gobi Sea (now a desert), where many fossil finds indicate ancient cultures. Geoffrey Ashe has developed this theme in a scholarly and original way in "The Ancient Wisdom", (Macmillan, 1970s) and "Dawn Behind the Dawn" (Henry Holt, 1992), and Andrew Tomas gives a fascinating and spiritual, if somewhat speculative, account in "Shambhala: Oasis of Light" (Sphere, 1977). They argue that this was the seat of an original and universal knowledge that later, through invasion and other influence, inspired much of the ancient Indian, Tibetan and Chinese spiritual myths and traditions. Explorers, especially the remarkable Russian and later world citizen Nicholas Roerich, have found oral, archaeological and anthropological evidence suggesting this, dramatically depicted in Roerich's vivid symbolic paintings. The teachings of "Djwal Khul", "The Tibetan", through Alice Bailey call it "the place where the will of God is known" and where planetary civilization started. It could be the actual start point as in Tibetan Buddhist legend, or it could have been a "secure refuge", a colony of escaping, or forewarned, Atlanteans (or Lemurians). Here, in a high area very safe from floods, they could have revived and eventually sent out groups to re-found advanced cultures elsewhere.
The Theosophists, as outlined in H. P.Blavatsky1 s "Secret Doctrine" (1888) and "The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria" (1896/1904) by W. Scott-Elliot (both published by the Theosophical Publishing House, and still in print), say this is what happened. Enlightened Atlanteans were forewarned of disaster many thousands of years before, and leaving Atlantis, they were gradually guided to the Gobi, then a sea. They evolved the modern "seven root-races" which, they say, were deliberately sent out from the Shambhala haven, one by one, as part of a great plan for humanity's evolution directed by high spiritual masters of which the most directly involved was given the title Manu. Like all legends, this need not be taken literally, but clearly embodies much truth. The idea of an archetypal "safe land" or haven from which civilization is re-established after a catastrophe, and then in some sense master-minded and (sometimes invisibly) guided, occurs frequently in world mythology, as for example with Manco Capac's island in Lake Titicaca, and Egypt itself in Plato's account: far too often to be dismissed as fancy. back to top

In some esoteric teachings, the area now covered by the British Isles (in Atlantean times, part of a large north-western spur of Europe) was to Atlantis rather as Shambhala was to, say, India: an almost mythical, northern, cold, sparsely inhabited, but very pure and sacred land, where the invisible hierarchy of "guiding masters" lived. At the time of the catastrophe, it is said, they resisted the great wave of psychic negativity which surged out from Atlantis, stabilized the situation, and then re-sited themselves in the Gobi as the new "safe area" in accordance with the plan for humanity. Some say they are now back here in invisible realms, with the "heart chakra" (centre of energy, literally Sanscrit "wheel") of the world now situated again in north-western Europe (including the Low Countries, and parts of France and Scandinavia).
An interesting variation on this was given to us by a fascinating speaker we had for several of our Wessex and schools groups in 1984, Lt. Col. Stephen Jenkins. He had already written "The Undiscovered Country" (Spearman, 1977) on his paranormal and spiritual experiences, and after he spoke in 1984 he wrote a paper for us, "Wessex Research Group Broadsheet no. (7) — The Undiscovered Country: Adventures Into Other Dimensions". He had done a lecturing exchange with the University of Ulan Bator, Mongolia. Showing an interest in their variation of the Shambhala legend, he was told an extraordinary story by lamas (learned monks) of the "Kalachakra" or "Wheel of Time" Buddhism. For the last hundred or so years they had concluded that Shambhala was not in the East at all, but the West; in the land from which "Sucandra" came, the "wise man of the West", to visit the dying Buddha in 542 BC (they say our date for his death is wrong), After much research, they had decided he had possibly come from Britain, and asked him to confirm this. On returning, with Geoffrey Ashe's help, Jenkins managed to identify the details of Sucandra, including his name (which meant "beautiful all-white moon") with those of Gwyn-ap-Nudd (which means the same), a legendary figure associated with Glastonbury Tor. This and other factors haveconvinced Stephen that he has confirmed the Lamas' theory of the origin of Sucandra, which their legend said was Shambhala, literally in Sanscrit meaning the place of bliss.
Again, like all legends they point to a profound truth without having to be fossilised by being taken too doctrinally or literally. Possibly the main message of the lamas was that the truth does not reside only in far or exotic places, but can be found where one comes from. In other words, firstly, every culture has its own expression of truth, however mundane (or submerged under motorways and high-tech) its outer trappings may appear. Secondly, people within each culture normally understand the truth best as expressed through that culture. Thirdly, all understanding and acceptance ultimately has to come from within, and the means to all truth is ultimately within each of us: Plato, the champion of Atlantis, was also at pains to demonstrate this through his accounts of Socrates, and it is this that makes him, with Socrates, one of the greatest of all philosophers. back to top

But, fourthly, Britain is a very special place. Too small and developed for her people, any longer, to be preoccupied with physical exploration and improvement, they are forced to go within, and there they find the rich inner treasure that results from their long spiritual heritage. We have gone from an Atlantean "mystic land" to being the recognised spiritual centre visited from afar, which Hecataeus, a Greek historian of the 4th Century BC, eulogised, with its great "circular temple to Apollo" (Stonehenge? or "spiral"— Glastonbury Tor with its sacred maze) and its beautiful music. It was in regular contact with the (even then) ancient Greeks, Hecataeus said, and of its wise teachers one, Abaris, was tutor to no less a spiritual teacher than Pythagoras. Later we became the Druidic teaching centre to which, Julius Caesar says, pupils came from all over Europe to our "universities" of learning. Through Joseph of Arimathea, whom strong evidence suggests came to Cornwall and Glastonbury with, or just after the death of, Jesus, Britain then became one of the earliest and most enlightened Christian centres. Later, there was far less persecution and religious war than elsewhere, and the national genius for constructive synthesis and tolerant comprehensiveness were embodied in Elizabeth I's Church of England and the great spiritual, literary and scientific flowering of that time, led by Shakespeare and Bacon. In the 17th, 18th and 19th Centuries Britain gave the world the scientific, agricultural, financial and industrial revolutions, with towering figures like Newton, Watt, Dalton and Faraday, to say nothing of literary figures like Johnson, Jane Austen and Dickens,
Since then the momentum has been, on the whole, maintained, despite Britain's relatively small size: British Nobel Prizes, in total, are second only to the USA, a country with 4& times her population. Michael Hart, an American, in his well-known book "The 100; a Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History", published by Simon and Schuster in 1978 and 1992, says (page 524) that "From [the] table, it appears that the British have made a greater contribution to human civilization than have the people of any other region or nation" (he didn't know about Atlantis, of course! ) Now, having transformed Empire freely into Commonwealth, Britain is again a synthesis in a different sense: a sort of "microcosm" and "catalyst" of the many streams of spiritual wisdom coming from all over the quarter of the globe that she once ruled, and is now an equal partner with. She is also, let us not forget, the birthplace of psychical research, and a prime centre of holistic values, natural medicine and spiritual literature. As in Druidic times, and as clearly was Atlantis, she is visited from afar by many in search of truth and wisdom.
What is this to do with Atlantis? It is this: the British Isles could be, by legend, what Atlantis may also have been called, "the Fortunate Isles", those other Atlantic islands which not only survived the sinking of Atlantis, but were created by that very sinking. Before it, the area was probably the haven for many Atlantean colonists, pilgrims and, finally, refugees. The rising sea level happened, Otto Mück argues, because the disappearance of Atlantis released the Gulf Stream to reach North-Western Europe and further north, where it melted enough of the land-locked Arctic ice to raise the level by probably 300-650 feet, This created the North Sea and the Channel, the Irish Sea and therefore the British Isles. Britain is, therefore, in a very physical sense, the inheritor of the Atlantean legacy.
Since then, like Atlantis, she became the centre of great seaborne trade and a great empire. Plato makes it clear that Atlantis was destroyed because it tried to add to its empire by conquering even more, and Greece had to fight it to restore the invaded countries' freedom. Britain has fought two World Wars, where the forces of light were concentrated in these islands, to rescue the world from militarist and Nazi enslavement; and has then peacefully given away its empire in the interests of freedom and democracy — a concept pioneered by Greece in ancient times, and Britain in modern times. Atlantis was initially promising, but went disastrously wrong, and others had to pick up the torch. Greece and Egypt were clearly the first to do so; Britain, with others, has done so in recent centuries. Freedom is so important that almost any sacrifice is justified to preserve or win it. When Britain has ignored this in the past, it has been at her peril. Atlantis ignored it and paid with her very existence. back to top

For those who find this sort of evidence acceptable, the over 14,000 "psychic readings" given in a trance state by Edgar Cayce, the famous American clairvoyant, not only diagnosed their ailments with proven extraordinary accuracy, but in some cases took people back into supposed "past lives". A few of the accounts it was found possible to check historically by research into obscure documents (which Cayce could not possibly have seen) and they were found to be remarkably accurate . (In this respect they resemble the famous "Bloxham Tapes" of Arnall Bloxham, the Cardiff hypnotherapist, and many more recent cases).
No less than 700 of Cayce1 s readings refer to lives in Atlantis, which is placed squarely in the Atlantic . When they are pieced together (which has now been done with much painstaking scholarship), they trace the history of Atlantis from its beginnings to its Golden Age, with (according to Cayce) great stone cities which had much advanced modern technology. This included mass communication, air and underwater transport, and some inventions that even we today have not achieved, such as the neutralization of gravity and the use of solar energy though electric crystals, A great, central crystal concentrated the sun's rays and beamed them to cities, ships and aircraft as an almost unlimited, non-pollutive form of power.
Misuse of these crystals, Cayce stated, caused two of the cataclysms that ultimately were to destroy Atlantis, They were first used against giant mammoths which threatened the people, later, it seems, as a weapon. Combined with Earth stresses happening anyway because the molten core was cooling, their energies destabilised the delicate tectonic plate system, causing earthquakes, volcanoes and sinkings of parts of the then enormous Atlantean continent. The first big sinking, according to Cayce, was in 48,000 BC, In Lemuria, the Pacific continent, the wise men foretold it: many emigrated to Asia, Africa or America, where they were regarded as superior by the natives, and spread the knowledge of the One God. Many Atlanteans migrated to Central America, Egypt, North Africa or Spain, establishing civilizations there, and especially pyramids. When the catastrophe came, the Earth (or its crust) shifted on it axis, causing great upheavals. Lemuria mostly sank into the Pacific, though leaving some large islands, New mountain ranges may have been created, with some cities possibly left thousands of feet up. Some Atlantean land sank, but most remained. Torrid zones became frigid, and vice-versa. Great mammoth-like beasts that had overrun the Earth were largely killed off. Millions of souls returned to the spirit state, and some had to return to learn karmic lessons in later lives.
Atlantis became the undisputed leader of the world. Science and invention became its new god, scientists its effective rulers. Life on Atlantis was luxurious; it was in the torrid zone, and people grew lazy. (Do we see a danger of this in the present-day West?) The giant crystal, known as the "Firestone", was used for destructive purposes, including torture and punishment. It was also, Cayce says, tuned unintentionally too high; its rays combined with other electrical forces to start many fires deep inside the planet, leading to great volcanoes and then the second sinking, of further parts of Atlantis, in c. 28,000 BC, leaving the "Sargasso Sea" — of weeds in the Western Atlantic — as a remnant. Some speculate that the great crystal is still submerged there. Could its magnetic effects, even from the sea-bed, be causing strange effects on compasses and electrical equipment causing in turn some of the unexplained disappearances in what is known as the "Bermuda Triangle" in this area?
After 28,000 BC, much of Atlantis was still left, and still powerful. Many of its people emigrated and founded colonies in Europe, America and elsewhere. Many Atlanteans had psychic powers, some of which were misused. There was mating of humans with animals, at a time when this was possible, producing a hybrid race of "things" which were then enslaved: a war, of either a psychic or physical nature, ensued between the slave-owning "Sons of Belial" and the freedom-loving "Sons of the Law of One". This was won by the slave-owners (creating a "karma" which, Cayce said, had to be resolved by their coming back in much later lives during the American Civil War in the 1860s, when they lost). The civilization deteriorated; civil discontent, civil war, enslavement of workers, human sacrifice and, in general, misuse of the forces of nature, made the final destruction of the continent certain. Cayce added that one of the "last straws" was the beginning of the use of genetic engineering to take over and misuse the very blueprint for humanity: a challenge we are facing again today.
Around 10,000 BC, according to Cayce, these factors, plus further experimentation with crystals, led to the sinking of the remaining part of Atlantis, leaving only smaller Atlantic islands and the colonies. As we have seen earlier, these were reduced even more in the next few millennia by the rising ocean level.
Cayce gives a very spiritual view of the Atlanteans, like Plato portraying their misdeeds as the direct cause of their destruction, and seeing them as eternal souls who came back at various times in later history to learn further lessons. They are coming back today in a critical time, to ensure that Earth, having again reached a high level of science, uses it this time in a constructive way and puts the "Law of One" (love, dedication and truth-seeking) before the pursuit of power and purely selfish pleasures, Whatever one thinks of Cayce's details of the Atlantean story, which cannot be confirmed, this is a fine moral viewpoint. back to top

In ray view, however, Cayce seriously exaggerates Atlantis's overall technological sophistication. He is probably more accurate when he talks of their psychic powers: these may have enabled them, for example, to communicate to some degree by telepathy, practice spiritual healing and lighten heavy objects by paranormal means. A strange confirmation of ancient shamanistic powers was given on 19th April 1989 in a BBC-1 "Chronicle" programme, "Images of Another World". Cave paintings of 20,000 years old and over, e.g. at El Castillo in northern Spain, depict "entoptic forms", abstract geometric shapes, with animals and humans in spiritual configurations. These were shown to be illustrations of trance states and probably out-of-body experiences, similar to those practised up to modern times by South African bushmen and widespread tribal societies.
But — modern technology? Had they had really possessed things like submarines, lasers and aircraft on a large scale, we would surely have seen signs of it, for some types of metal do not rust. Advanced implements would have been found, for example, in the many Cro-Magnon graves excavated in coastal areas which were clearly once colonies of Atlantis, Instead, we have found an advanced Stone Age culture, known as "Aurignacian", with wonderful cave paintings, implements and bone carvings, sophisticated dwellings, the use of animals and boats, and interesting hints of shamanistic spiritual beliefs. Even allowing for the worldwide floods and the long dark age after the asteroid strike, one would have expected to have found more evidence if the culture as a whole had been technologically advanced. Plato and the other classical accounts give them a technology which, although fully equal to that of Ancient Greece, was hardly advanced in the modern sense. Ignatius Donnelly, Lewis Spence, Otto Muck and Charles Berlitz all concur with this general view. back to top

What is not generally known, however, is that we have found isolated cases of extremely advanced technology buried in geologic strata that make them probably far older than Atlantis -- as if some distant and long-forgotten epoch had harboured a race that has left only the slenderest remnants. These are known to specialists as "OOPARTS" — "out of place artifacts". Perhaps some aspects of the sophistication they embody were preserved by the Atlanteans, but only in more primitive forms and without the widespread technological back-up to make them generally effective.
What seemed to be a standard geode was found recently near Olancha, California. Fossil shells encrusting its surface are thought by a trained geologist who examined them to be at least half a million years old. When cut in half and X--rayed, an obviously artificial and precisely-machined metal object was found, resembling a modern spark-plug. This is only one of a whole series of precisely-made artifacts found in fossilized material or in seams of coal and limestone, dating them back hundreds of thousands of years at least.
Did great world cataclysms in incredibly ancient times bury them there? Why do ancient Sanscrit documents speak of times when humanity had aircraft and fearful weapons which could destroy whole areas at a time? Why do ancient cave paintings depict machine-like or aerial objects and apparently helmeted men? Could these have been Atlantean pilots and aircraft? Or those of an even more ancient civilization? Or the result of some sort of co-operation or co-existence between advanced Earthmen and extraterrestrials, with a mission to conquer the planet, explore it or "civilize" it? Or were the advanced Earthmen themselves the result of previous extraterrestrial colonising, "civilizing" or even genetic engineering?
One view, argued by Erich von Daniken, Desmond Leslie, Brinsley le Poer Trench, Andrew Tomas, Peter Kolosimo and others, is that they were spacemen and their craft visiting from other planets. Some writers link them with the modern UFO phenomenon, on which I have lectured and researched extensively. This suggests, with overwhelming evidence, that the Earth is being systematically surveyed and used by many different alien groups, and has been for millennia. Though some are, to say the least, unfeeling and, for example, practice enforced genetic engineering and selective breeding through abduction, this may be part of some long-term constructive programme to improve humanity's genetic strain, much as the O'Briens' "sages" appear to have had.
On the whole, though stand-off-ish and unwilling to intervene (perhaps through some cosmic law), the "ufonauts" appear to be spiritual and concerned for our evolution. There is a strong tradition in the esoteric ("inner") teachings on Atlantis that, in its golden age, it was in open contact with extraterrestrials, but when it became corrupt the space beings withdrew and kept only a distant surveillance, which they have done ever since. If this is so, they are now closing in a bit, as the technology "explosion" gives us global communications and the ability to pollute or even destroy the Earth. Despite their reluctance to intervene, they might do so rather than see us repeat the Atlantean disaster: there is some evidence (as at Chernobyl, Ukraine, where they may have prevented a second nuclear catastrophe in 1991) that they are already helping to save us from the worst consequences of our mistreatment of the planet. Some of them may even be descendants of rescued survivors from Atlantis, or reincarnated souls from it who can remember past lives there.
We cannot do other than speculate on this, but one thing seems reasonably certain, At some time long before our recorded history, an advanced technology either existed on Earth, or was in contact with the planet. Either hypothesis is consistent with the existence of Atlantis. Why is it that humanity is being permitted to re-discover all this today? Could it be that present-day civilization has a lesson to learn from the fate of Atlantis, and that we are being warned against making the same mistakes, with the same consequences? It would be well for scholars to break out of their straitjacket of "orthodoxy", and reflect on these questions.   back to top

In its decadence, Atlantis became a supreme archetype of the "pride before the fall", An empire already the richest and most powerful in the known world comes to care only for its wealth and power, and eventually embarks on a war of conquest to gain yet more. This is a recurring theme of history up to our own times. Societies, once fresh and responsive to genius and free opinion, become encrusted with power-groups, profit, vested interests, luxury, censorship and, eventually, often dictatorships . Examples abound: Ancient Egypt, Athens, Alexander's empire, Assyria, Babylon, ancient Israel, Rome, the Maya and Aztecs, Byzantium, the Turks, many Medieval states; much of Tudor and Stuart England, Cromwell, Philip II's Spain, Louis XIV's and XVI's France, Napoleon. More recently we have Tsarist and Communist Russia, Austria-Hungary, the Kaiser's Germany, some parts of the European colonial empires, Hitler, Mussolini, Franco, Imperial Japan, Mao's China, Indonesia, South Africa, Eastern Europe, South America, and many smaller dictatorships in Africa, Asia and worldwide.
There is a widespread revival of spiritual consciousness and inner transformation today at an individual and group level; yet much of the modern "democratic" world, free of dictatorships, nevertheless displays a worrying tendency to the vested-interest and power aspects of Atlantis. "Will Europe Follow Atlantis?", asked Lewis Spence in his book title of 1942, at the height of the Nazi occupation of Europe. Some would say this title is still relevant in more subtle ways, applied to the present- day world scene. Of the three cardinal sins ascribed by Plato to Atlantis — denial of indwelling divinity, materialism and wars of conquest, the free world today looks as i£ it is finally outgrowing the last; has stopped just short of committing the first, with many drawing back from it in the current spiritual revival; but looks in as great a danger as ever from materialism. We have undreamed- of wealth and technology, but this is a two- edged sword. We have made enormous strides in the 1980s and 90s, with many dictatorships overthrown, fewer wars, greater freedoms and far greater holistic and environmental awareness. We no longer talk of imminent nuclear holocaust. But are we going to use this safety, freedom and wealth only to pollute ourselves — and the planet — by satiating the "mortal admixture" which "got the upper hand" in Plato's Atlantis?    back to top

Charles Berlitz, "Atlantis: the Lost Continent Revealed", Macmillan 1984,Fontana p/b
Charles Berlitz, "The Mystery of Atlantis", Souvenir 1976, Panther p/b 1977
Otto Muck, "The Secret of Atlantis": in German as "Alias uber Atlantis", Econ Verlag GmbH, Dusseldorf-Wien, Germany 1976; in English, Collins 1978, Fontana p/b 1979
Andrew Tomas, "Atlantis: from Legend to Discovery", Hale 1972, Sphere p/b 1973
Murry Hope, "Atlantis: Myth or Reality?", Arkana p/b 1991
Ignatius Donnelly, "Atlantis: the Antediluvian World", 1st pub. USA 1882; multiple editions; re-write by Egerton Sykes, Harper 1950, 2nd ed, Sidgwick & Jackson 1970
Ignatius Donnelly, "Ragnarok: the Age of Fire & Gravel", USA 1883; Rudolf Steiner Pubns, USA, p/b, 1971, 2nd ed. 1974
Lewis Spence, all pub. Rider Books: "The Problem of Atlantis", 1924; "The History of Atlantis", 1926; "The Problem of Lemuria", 1933; "Will Europe Follow Atlantis?", 1942; "The Occult Sciences in Atlantis", just post-war; some later in Aquarian &. AUP p/b ,
Plato, "The Timaeus"; "The Critias" (or "The Atlantic"), 1st pub.Ancient Athens, 4th Century BC; innumerable editions to present day, in all major languages
Proclus, Commentary on Plato, 1st pub. 5th C. AD, numerous editions
Dr. David Zink, "The Stones of Atlantis", W. H, Alien, 1978
Prof. Charles H. Hapgood, "Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings", Chilton Co, Philadelphia, USA, 1966; Turnstone, 1979; AUP (Adventures Unlimited Press), late 1990s, p/b
Col, A. Braghine, "The Shadow of Atlantis", Rider 1938, Aquarian p/b 1980, AUP p/b 1990s.
Prof. M. Hornet, "Sons of the Sun", 1963; "On the Trail of the Sun Gods", 1965, Spearman
Col. Percy Fawcett, ed. Brian Fawcett, "Exploration Fawcett", 1953; Brian Fawcett, "Ruins in the Sky", 1958; both Hutchinson
Christian O'Brien, "The Megalithic Odyssey", 1983; "The Genius of the Few: The Story of Those Who Founded the Garden in Eden", 1985; "The. Shining Ones", 1997: The Patrick Foundation, POBox 72, Cirenc’r GL7 6YG
Charles Berlitz, "The Lost Ship of Noah", W. H. Alien, 1987 '
Gerhard von Hassler, "Lost Survivors of the Deluge", Eng. trans. Signet p/b 1978
Charles Berlitz, "Mysteries from Forgotten Worlds", Souvenir 1972, Corgi p/b 1974
Charles Berlitz, "Doomsday 1999 AD", Souvenir 1981, later in p/b
Rene Noorbergen, "Secrets of the Lost Races", Bobbs-Merrill, USA, 1977; NEL p/b 1978
Thor Heyerdahl, "The Kon-Tiki Expedition", 1950; "Aku-Aku: the Secret of Easter Island", 1958; "The Ra Expeditions", 1971; "Fatu-Hiva: Back to Nature", 1974; all Allen & Unwin; later p/b editions; A. Jacoby, "Senor Kon-Tiki", 1968, A & U
H.S.Bellamy, "Built Before the Flood: the Problem of the Tiahuanaco Ruins", Faber, 1943
Geoffrey Ashe, "The Ancient Wisdom", Macmillan, 1970s, later in p/b; & "Dawn Behind the Dawn", Henry Holt, USA, 1992, inc p/b edition, same pub.
Andrew Tomas, "Shambhala: Oasis of Light", Sphere p/b, 1977
Lt. Col. Stephen Jenkins, "The Undiscovered Country", Spearman 1977, Abacus p/b 1978

PUBLISHED BY THE WESSEX RESEARCH GROUP, Friday 7th April 1995. We are a lecture and research group with a large resource centre of books, magazines, papers, videos, audio tapes and contacts: many branches throughout the ancient Kingdom of Wessex. © Nigel Blair, © Wessex Research Group, April 1995.    back to top




Hyarama is a tradition of the “right hand path”
It is only to enable positive work for the benefit of all
It will not work for mere personal gain
or for any negative purpose.
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These pages are designed:
to make the path available to those who need it
to correct ancient prejudice, misinformation and ignorance
to show the ancient links of True Spirituality with Hyarama
to enable All Good Spirituality to grow and be blessed
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to offer a chance to rediscover the spiritual openness of childhood
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